Everything you need to know Concussion: Symptoms, Sings, and Causes

WHAT IS A CONCUSSION?

A concussion is a brain injury that cannot be seen on routine x-rays, CT scans, or MRIs. It affects the way a person may think and remember things for a short time, and can cause a variety of symptoms.

Concussion: SYMPTOMS

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS OF CONCUSSION?

YOU DON’T NEED TO BE KNOCKED OUT (LOSE CONSCIOUSNESS) TO HAVE HAD A CONCUSSION.

THINKING PROBLEMS: 

  • Does not know time,
    date, place, period of
    game, opposing team,
    score of game
  • General confusion
  • Cannot remember things that
    happened before and after
    the injury
  • Knocked out

ATHLETE’S COMPLAINTS:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Feels dazed
  • Feels “dinged” or stunned;
    “having my bell rung”
  • Sees stars, flashing lights
  •  Ringing in the ears
  • Loss of vision

WHAT CAUSES A CONCUSSION?

Any blow to the head, face or neck,
or a blow to the body which causes
a sudden jarring of the head may
cause a concussion (ie. a ball to
the head, being checked into the
boards in hockey).

HOW IS A CONCUSSION TREATED?

CONCUSSION SYMPTOMS ARE MADE WORSE BY EXERTION, BOTH PHYSICAL AND MENTAL.
THE MOST IMPORTANT TREATMENT FOR A CONCUSSION IS REST.
You should not exercise or do any activities that may make you worse, like driving a car, reading, working on the computer or playing video games. No snow shoveling, cutting the lawn, moving heavy objects, etc.
If mental activities (eg: reading, concentrating, using the computer) worsen your symptoms, you may have
to stay home from school. You may also have to miss work, depending on what type of job you have, and whether it worsens your symptoms. If you go back to activities before you are completely better, you are more likely to get worse, and to have symptoms last longer. Even though it is very hard for an active person to rest, this is the most important step.

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