Complications of Diabetes can be many and while the pathophysiology is deeply satisfying to learn because it incorporates so many different aspects of pathology & physiology. Overview of some of the most common complications of Diabetes.
In acute / short term diabetes complications , these two are the most prominent:
- In Type I DM – Ketoacidosis is a terrible complication that results from the production of ketone bodies that acidify the blood when the brain is going hungry and needs ketones to fuel it.
- In Type II DM, we tend to see complications of Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Coma.
In the long term or chronic long standing uncontrolled Diabetes, we can see complications such as:
- Kidney Diseases
- Nerve Damage
- Heart Attack / Stroke