Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Uveitis

Uveitis is a term for inflammation of the eye. It can occur in one eye or both eyes and affects the layer of the eye called the uvea [u-vee-uh]. It also can be associated with inflammation of other parts of the eye and last for a short (acute) or a long (chronic) time. Uveitis can be serious and lead to permanent vision loss.What is Uveitis?

What Causes Uveitis?

The inflammation could be caused by:
• Eye injury or surgery
• Infection
• Autoimmune diseases or systemic inflammatory disorders that affect the whole body

What are the Symptom?

Uveitis symptoms may occur quickly in an acute form (lasts less than six weeks) or slowly in a chronic form (lasts longer than six weeks). The signs and symptoms of uveitis include: 

  • Eye redness
  • Eye pain
  • Light sensitivity
  • Blurred vision
  • Dark, floating spots in your field of vision (floaters)

What are the Types of Uveitis?

There are four types of :
• Anterior
• Intermediate
• Posterior uveiti
• Panuveitis

How is Treated?

The goal of treatment is to treat the inflammation and check the eyes regularly to help prevent damage and vision loss. Eye doctors treat to relieve pain, prevent vision loss from inflammation and complications  and to treat the cause of the uveitis if known. It is important to follow the eye doctor’s instructions for treatment carefully throughout the duration of treatment as prescribed. 

Treating Anterior :

• Topical corticosteroids
• Eye drops to widen pupil
• Topical drop for elevated eye pressure

Treating Intermediate and Posterior :

• Antibiotics, antivirals, or other medications
• Corticosteroids – periocular injection, oral, intravenous, implant
• Nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs
• Immunosuppressive and biologic agents
• Corticotropin

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